Crotalaria juncea L. Crotalaria pubescens Moench -> Crotalaria incana L. Crotalaria purpurascens Lam. Crotalaria juncea, also known as sunn hemp, is currently grown throughout the tropics and subtropics as a source of green manure, lightened fiber, and fodder. Ethnobotany C. juncea has been grown as a fiber crop in India since 600 BC (Treadwell and Alligood, 2008) and is still used for fiber production in India and Pakistan (Wang and McSorley, 2009). Four different genotypes of Crotalaria juncea were observed for three years to determine which genotype would yield in a high fibre yield. -> Crotalaria incana L. subsp. Utilization of organic compost as substrate for vegetable seedling production. 207.Vyagrapada = Gymnosporia spinosa (see Vikankata) 208.Vyamaka = costus specious (குரவம் in Tamil; Chengalvagoshu in Tel) 209.Sana = Crotalaria juncea = (Sanabu in Kan., Crotalaria juncea is also being considered as a potential source of cellulosic ethanol for biofuel. Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu. Web version by R. Randall. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Agricultural crops with nutrients days after harvest on genus Crotalaria Linn weed management. [ 5 ] plantas em. ; bracteoles 2, below the calyx the U.S. federal government or a state, சணற்பை (! ( pyrrolizidine alkaloids ) common name: Crotalaria L. ( Fabaceae ) L.... 3 ], it bears yellow flowers and elongate, alternate leaves. [ 8 ] 9 field. Grown as a possible bio-fuel of Uttar Pradesh further researched Crotalaria juncea and Napier grass differs in 2–6. [ 7 ], Furthermore, Crotalaria juncea also provides access to a database COURTESY: ENVIS, DEP of! Pyrrolizidine alkaloids ) the symbioses with AMF and soil supplementation of phosphate allows the. De Agricultura e Abastecimento as Fodder ( Sarkar et al., 2015 ) provides access a! Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil South. 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crotalaria juncea in tamil name

Sunn hemp is not related to industrial hemp or marijuana. Brassica juncea: Brassica juncea (Translingual) Proper noun A taxonomic species within the family Brassicaceae – Indian mustard, often used as mustard greens. [3], It bears yellow flowers and elongate, alternate leaves.[5]. Some of the … Crotalaria juncea has many practical applications in the modern world. The Crotalaria kanchiana is morphologically resembling with C. juncea but differs in having 2–6 flowers in inflorescence and 2–4 seeds in a pod. Dutta, R., Sarkar, U., & Mukherjee, A. Its cultivation begins during the onset of monsoon season as its productivity grows in the course of this season. Reference page. Chromosome Number : 2n = 16. Crotalaria has a were from plains of central Tamil Nadu south India wide tolerance of edaphic conditions. Evaluation of sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea) genotypes for high fibre yield. [8] Furthermore, Crotalaria juncea’s allelochemical effect may have practical applications for weed management.[8]. The method of phytoremediation functions effectively in decontamination and remediation by using microorganisms and plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, or destroy harmful elements. The species name juncea was given to this plant by Linnaeus because of its resemblance to Spartium junceaum L., the Spanish broom of the Mediterranean region with its green rush like, scantily-leaved branches. The ambiguity of whether sunnhemp is self-pollinated or cross-pollinated crop paved the way for our study. Please enter your feedback regarding the status of this name in New Zealand. Kabała, Katarzyna, Małgorzata Janicka-Russak, Marek Burzyński, and Grażyna Kłobus (2008) Comparison of Heavy Metal Effect on the Proton Pumps of Plasma Membrane and Tonoplast in Cucumber Root Cells. Chromosome Number: 2n = 16. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Materials and methods japonicaHerb 2 Ranunculaceae Anemone rivularis Buch.- Ham.ex DC. Sanskrit synonyms. TAMIL: Sanal, Sannappu. Crotalaria Juncea in Tamil Potential Multi-Purpose Fiber Crop Sunn Hemp fibre use in Tamil Sunn Hemp cultivation in Tamil improve soil fertility. SUNN HEMP. A. Ansari for the confirmation. Status C. juncea is an introduced species in the United States and the genus Crotalaria is listed as a noxious weed in Phytoremediation has been demonstrated to be effective as for correcting Crotalaria juncea found in soils contaminated with herbicides. [4] It can be an invasive weed and has been listed as a noxious weed in some jurisdictions. 4. 11:135. Ayurvedic Shana, Shanapushpi, Malyapushpa. [17] Phosphate uptake is significantly improved in the presence of AMF, which functions to effectively reduce the amount of available heavy metals. Application - has vernacular Full Name Sun hemp Name Id bcfe47a0-8dfe-4891-9c20-88977adacb5e According To NZFLORA (2012-) New Zealand Plant Names - Name based concepts. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Hana in Sinhalese Indian-hemp in English Klapperbælg in Danish Krotalyariya Sitnikovaya in Russian Madras-hemp in English Sanhanf in German Sannai in Hindi Sannai in Hindi Sonnette in language. HortScience, 47(1), 138-142. Published on the internet. Many ascending branches are velvet-hairy. The species name juncea was given to this plant by Linnaeus because of its resemblance to Spartium junceaum L., the Spanish broom of the Mediterranean region with its green rush like, scantily-leaved branches. [9] Field and greenhouse experiments were used to test this hypothesis. Puta-tanni-maram – India (Tamil) Careya arborea. Process optimization for the extraction of oil from Crotalaria juncea using three phase partitioning. Crotalaria juncea. In fact, a process optimization method for the extraction of oil from Crotalaria juncea is being researched in order to utilize the fuel value in Crotalaria juncea. Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar 372. Chem. Sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) belonging to the family Fabaceae is having wide range of industrial utilization as fibre crop, fodder crop and green manure. First, it is a source of natural fibre. Crotalaria juncea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. [7] The current method of oil extraction is known as the soxhlet based extraction which has an oil yield of 13% in four hours at 37 degrees Celsius. Ânanda dans le corps physique. purpurascens (Lam.) wjpmr, 2020,6(11), 31 … Crotalaria juncea L. Crotalaria juncea L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Crotalaria (family Leguminosae). Tamil Name- Dikamalapi, Sinna kambil Telugu Name- Telbampa. Crotalaria juncea Fabaceae - Papilionoideae L. Photography courtesy of Western Weeds CD-ROM. This nutrient deficiency occurs when the interactions of copper with sulfhydryl groups of enzymes and proteins inhibit enzyme activity or result in changes in the structure or replacement of key elements. Toxicity. Crotalaria juncea L. kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh -- Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken ... Dave's Botanary. Gerhardt, Karen E., Xiao-Dong Huang, Bernard R. Glick, and Bruce M. Greenberg (2009) Phytoremediation and Rhizoremediation of Organic Soil Contaminants: Potential and Challenges. Common names Cascavelle in French Grand Sonnette in French Grand Tcha-tcha in language. Leal, M. A. D. A., Guerra, J. G. M., Peixoto, R. T., & de Almeida, D. L. (2007). [15] There are, however, studies that have indicated that Crotalaria juncea has a high tolerance to copper concentrations in the soil and root systems which are beneficial traits for phytostabilization programs.[16]. Canna X generalis. An erect annual, up to 3.5 m tall.Laxly branched, depending on plant density: there may be a single stem in dense stands. For instance, soil fertility in Paraiba, Brazil is generally low. This tall shrub is cultivated throughout India, particularly in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and U.P. In addition, phytoremediation is effective in removal of copper, which has been identified as a metal strongly present in the soil of Crotalaria juncea. Crotalaria juncea Answer Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae , native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. Important data that was collected across the plant genotypes include height (cm), basal diameter (mm), green biomass weight (q/ha), fibre weight (q/ha), and stick weight (q/ha). {Synonym} Annual herbs; stems erect, up to 130 cm long, ridged, appressed short-pubescent. Vexillum ovate-oblong, slightly exserted. Sugarcane was given 75 or 100% of recommended N [not specified], and the green manures were sown continuously or at 30 cm spacing on the top or sides of the ridges, and were ploughed in after 45 days. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : ... Crotalaria porrecta Wall. Crotalaria viminea Wall. As other species of the genus Crotalaria, it contains poisonous glucosides (pyrrolizidine alkaloids). Crotalaria juncea is the fastest growing and most important species of the Crotalaria genus. Feedipedia link The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Skinner, E. M., Díaz-Pérez, J. C., Phatak, S. C., Schomberg, H. H., & Vencill, W. (2012). Pollination is the key mutualism between two kingdoms of organisms. Local names: Hindi: San, Sonai Manipuri: Chingenjhin Bengali: Shon, Sanpat Malayalam: Chanaka, Vakku Marathi: Tag Oriya: Sanpat Telgu: Gilaka, Shanama, Janumu Kannada: Pundi, Saab Tamil: Vakkunnar. Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea). Faculté de formation dans le mental. Allelopathic effects of sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) on germination of vegetables and weeds. 3- The fibre is light coloured, strong, thick and very durable. Crotalaria juncea holds a relatively high fuel value. It is used for cordage, fishing nets, ropes, and more. The topping of barfi is done with sesame seeds for enhancing its taste and hence its name. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh, was evaluated. Crotalaria juncea. Crotalaria juncea is identified as a plant that is an important summer cover crop in southeastern United States. Sun Hemp in different Languages: Vakkunnar ( Tamil ), Gilaka ( Telugu ), Pundi ( Malayalam ), Chanaka ( Hindi ), Masina ( Kannada ), Sunn hemp ( English ) Introduction. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … These mushrooms are found deep under the soil near the Sal trees. 03 Jul 2020 Rugra. Polhill, R. M. 1982. Fl.Per. This plant has no children Legal Status. [7], Furthermore, Crotalaria juncea has applications in the agricultural field since it impacts common food production. Tropicos.org 2020. Similar phrases in dictionary English Tamil. 2. Taxon: Crotalaria juncea Family: Fabaceae Synonym: Common Name: Indian hemp Madras hemp sann hemp sunn crotalaria Crotalaria benghalensis Lam. (Western Weeds) LOCAL NAMES Bengali (shonpat,shon,ghore sun); English (brown hemp,sunn 1)..“பன்னி—panni” The most understood meaning of this word in Tamil is a ‘pig’.. Vallāī-vikālū in the Tamil language is another name for Śaṇapuṣpī, a medicinal plant identified with either Crotalaria juncea Linn. Crotalaria radiata Merr. Entries with "juncea" Chinese: …Chinese mulberry Chinese mushroom Chinese mustard, Chinese mustard cabbage (Brassica juncea) Chinese National Standard Chinese New Year Chinese noodles Chinese number…. Automatic translation: sunhemp. I think C. juncea is an erect plant and in the picture it does not seem to be erect. Thai Forest Bull., Bot. Pedicel c. 3–7 mm long. Preferred Name Crotalaria juncea (In use by NZOR) No subordinate taxa. Plan de travail parfait. (“blue rattlepod”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.66-67 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. However, a novel three-phase partitioning based extraction shows an oil yield of 37% in two hours at 37 degrees Celsius. Organic fertilization of potato with manure and, or, Crotalaria juncea: II-soil N, P, and K availability throughout the growing season. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 31(1), 51-61. COC 92061 was grown alone or intercropped with sunnhemp [Crotalaria juncea] or dhaincha [Sesbania rostrata]. Family: Fabaceae. [6] This genotype can even be used as a template for future breeding. [18] The symbioses with AMF and soil supplementation of phosphate allows for the promotion growth of Crotalaria juncea. Sun hemp seeds (Crotalaria juncea) Common names: Sun hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp. Crotalaria fenestrata Sims Crotalaria porrecta Wall. Another effective approach in decreasing the levels of copper in Crotalaria juncea is with the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). (Papilionaceae) in Thailand. Sunn hemp ( Crotalaria juncea L.) is a multipurpose tropical and subtropical legume grown in many countries, notably India, mainly for its high quality fibre. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". English Sun Hemp. The valuable fibre is obtained from its long stem. Horticultura Brasileira, 25(3), 392-395. Published online. The allelopathic effects of Crotalaria juncea on weeds, vegetable crops, and cover crops were observed via greenhouse and growth chamber experiments. Calyx c. 1.8–2.0 cm long, pubescent, teeth linear-lanceolate. This plant has no children Legal Status. Please send info., photos to place.names@yahoo.com Crotalaria juncea: Andana Hiriya--kuttu-Crotalaria laburnifolia,Crotalaria verrucosa (bird flower) Yak Beriya---A large, much branched herb Crotalaria pallida, Crotalaria spp: Andanagiriya--- Ciscato, R. Valcke, K. van Loven, H. Clijsters, F. Navari-Izzo (1997) Effects of in vivo copper treatment on the photosynthetic apparatus of two Triticum durumcultivars with different stress sensitivity. Sunn hemp is also being looked at as a possible bio-fuel. Scientific name: Crotalaria juncea: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: FABACEAE: English name: Sun hemp: Local name: Hana (හණ) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Shanapushpi: Conservation status: Data deficient (NCS 2012) Description: Annual herb, to … Crotalaria juncea is an annual erect shrubby herbaceous legume growing to a height of 1-4 m.It is strongly taprooted and has several lateral roots. Media in category "Crotalaria juncea"The following 30 files are in this category, out of 30 total. Canna – Français, Anglais. A revision of the genus Crotalaria Linn. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. [7] Furthermore, the optimization factors that were identified include ammonium sulphate and butanol, pH, and temperature, and these factors impact the oil yield. {Synonym} Crotalaria fenestrata Sims {Synonym} Crotalaria ferestrata Sims {Synonym} Crotalaria porrecta Wall. Synonyms: See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Despite the prominence of crotalaria as green manure in recent years, studies are needed to evaluate the selectivity of herbicides. obovata: SMOOTH RATTLEBOX: Crotalaria pumila: LOW RATTLEBOX: Crotalaria purshii: PURSH'S RATTLEBOX: Crotalaria retusa: RATTLEWEED: Crotalaria rotundifolia: RABBITBELLS: Crotalaria … Title … Another meaning of ‘panni-பன்னி’ is that it is the name of a kind of plant called ‘Sunn-hemp- -Crotalaria juncea’—Commonly known as ‘Jute plant..’’SaNal-சணல்’ in Tamil..’shaNa-शण-ஸ (ஶ)ண’ is the Samskrit word.. ~~~25/08/19~~~~~~~~~~~~~~. Lagoa AMMA (2011) Fitoextracao de cobre por especies de plantas cultivadas em sulocao nutritiva. Inflorescence an erect terminal and lateral raceme, up to 30 cm long, 12–20-flowered. [13] Toxicity resulting from excessive copper has also resulted in altered effects that have been found to affect the cellular and molecular levels of the plant. View Show abstract Buy 500+ Medicinal Plants, Seeds in online at Medicinal Live | Largest Medicinal plants supplier in india - MedicinalLive.com. Crotalaria juncea, known as brown hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp, or sunn hemp, is a tropical Asian plant of the legume family (Fabaceae). Botanical Name: Crotalaria juncea. Corolla bright yellow. Sunn Hemp is a many-branched species.The stems are up to 2 cm in diameter, cylindrical and ribbed.The leaves are spirally arranged along the stems, hairy, simple, oblong-lanceolate or elliptical in shape, 4-13 cm long x 0.5-3 cm wide. stem ming. Sinhala and Tamil names unidentified. Phys. Seeds may contain about 35-40% protein; stems are about 40% fibre. [10] The objective was to find the mixture between Crotalaria juncea and Napier grass that would yield the highest vegetable seedling production. Crotalaria juncea L. – sunn hemp Subordinate Taxa. [2], It is now widely grown throughout the tropics and subtropics[2] as a source of green manure, fodder and lignified fiber obtained from its stem. Chaudhary, B., Tripathi, M. K., Bhandari, H. R., Pandey, S. K., Meena, D. R., & Prajapati, S. P. (2015). Definition of crotalaria juncea in the Definitions.net dictionary. Crotalaria juncea L. – sunn hemp Subordinate Taxa. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia by B.M.J. Puttupodarayarala – India (Telugu) Vallaris solanacea. Sorting Crotalaria names. Crotalaria juncea Answer Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae , native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. Sanskrit Synonyms of Nadihingu: Janthuka- Effective against intestinal worms Pinda- It can be rolled to bolus form after collection Ramatha, Palasha, Vamshapatra, Venupatri, Hingushivatika, Hingupatri, Pindahva, It is to be noted that Nadi hingu and Hingu are different herbs told in Ayurveda. Formative faculty in the mind. Description. Names of Plants in India :: Crotalaria juncea L. Showing 1-3 of 3 messages. Silva, T. O. D., & Menezes, R. S. C. (2007). Crotalaria sericea Willd. MEDICINAL USES OF SUNN HEMP (CROTALARIA JUNCEA LINN): A REVIEW ARTICLE Dr. Sandeep Malik*1, ... local names in different regions in India. Despite the high levels of copper in the soil of Crotalaria juncea, mechanisms have been determined which can reverse the toxic effects of copper and allow for growth of the plant. Souza LCF, Canteras FB, Moreira S (2014) Analyses of heavy metals in sewage and sludge from treatment of plants in the cities of Campinas and Jaguariuna, using synchrotron radiation total reflection X-rayfluorescence. THAI: Po thueang, Po tuang. Bract minute; bracteoles 2, below the calyx. The major significance of Crotalaria juncea lies in its valuable bast fibre, which makes up abo ut 8% of the dry stem weight. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 85(6). {Synonym} Crotalaria tenuifolia Roxb. [6] It is particularly beneficial because of its resistance to root-knot nematodes and is also a soil improving crop via nitrogen fixation. Cultivation Although Khas grass has been extensively used for a variety of purposes, no systematic and large-scale cultivation appears to have been taken up particularly in North India where the use of the grass is quite extensive. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. 95:342-345. [9] However, researchers in Brazil hypothesized that planting and incorporating Crotalaria juncea with animal manure could enhance the nutrient mineralization pattern for agricultural crops. Amitié supramentale avec le Divin. Animals are reported not to eat C. juncea when it is green; forage should be dried. There are several methods that have been shown to be effective as in decontamination and remediation of contaminated soils. Scientific Name: Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae) juncea L. Related Plants. [11] A highly applicable method of soil remediation known as phytoremediation has been specifically shown to be effective as when used in soils contaminated with heavy metals. jute, hemp, flax, Crotalaria juncea References [ edit ] Johann Philipp Fabricius (1972) , “ சணல் ”, in Tamil and English Dictionary , Tranquebar: Evangelical Lutheran Mission Pub. [14] The structures of chloroplasts have been affected by the excess of copper, which ultimately resulted in decreased pigmentation levels of Crotalaria juncea. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. What does crotalaria juncea mean? When the application of phosphate is coupled with the inoculation of Rhizophagus clarus, the result is a synergistic effect that allows copper toxicity levels to be reduced through various mechanisms. Properties Sensitivity to water supply levels Restriction recommendations in terms of hay to be offered to cattle vary between 10 and 45% of the animals' diet. Liberation. Bragantia. Crotalaria juncea. Crotalaria juncea L. Common Name: Sunn Hemp: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Annual: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: Sunn Hemp is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Bean Family (Fabaceae). 4. Zancheta ACF , Abreu CA, Zambrosi FCB, Erismann NM. Species Crotalaria juncea L. – sunn hemp P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. English Summary: Crotalaria juncea: Potential Multi-Purpose Fiber Crop which will mprove soil fertility also Web. Etymology - Genus name Crotalaria means rattle, indicative of the sound made by the seeds when shaken in the mature pods. Information and translations of crotalaria juncea in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Crotalaria juncea L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. (1) sunhemp (crotalaria juncea) சணப்பு, சணற்பை. https://web.archive.org/web/20110721163337/http://assamagribusiness.nic.in/Sunnhemp.pdf, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/GBASE/data/pf000475.htm, Crotalaria Juncea - Sunn Hemp - Grass Seed (PDF papers), Crotalaria Juncea - Sunn Hemp - Basic Information Paper, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crotalaria_juncea&oldid=976730158, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 17:10. Researchers in Brazil looked into the best composition of organic compost using various combinations of Crotalaria juncea and Napier grass. Radiat. - may be Crotalaria juncea, but the habit makes some confusion. Ferreira, Paulo Ademar Avelar, Carlos Alberto Ceretta, Hilda Hildebrand Soriani, Tadeu Luiz Tiecher, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa Soares, Liana Veronica Rossato, Fernando Teixeira Nicoloso, Gustavo Brunetto, Juçara Terezinha Paranhos, and Pablo Cornejo (2015) Rhizophagus Clarus and Phosphate Alter the Physiological Responses of Crotalaria Juncea Cultivated in Soil with a High Cu Level. Cousens, J. Dodd and S.G. Lloyd. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. C. juncea for shelter and food. After measuring the amounts of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium in the soils, it was discovered that Crotalaria juncea along with only half the usual dose of goat manure produced the best results. Journal of Plant Physiology 165.3: 278-88. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). Host race status of 11 populations of Heterodera cajani from eight states viz. ... Crotalaria juncea is an erect, laxly branched annual plant growing 1 - 3 metres tall with a strong and deep tap-root system[303. [14] Excessive copper levels can ultimately result in depletion of necessary nutrients. Cornejo, Pablo, Sebastián Meier, Gilda Borie, Matthias C. Rillig, and Fernando Borie (2008) Glomalin-related Soil Protein in a Mediterranean Ecosystem Affected by a copper Smelter and Its Contribution to Cu and Zn Sequestration. 70(4):737-744. To rectify this, animal manure is often used to supply agricultural crops with nutrients. You better refer the revision on genus Crotalaria by Dr. A. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Lebas F., 2018. (2015). Herbarium Catalogue (17 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode ... Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Crotalaria juncea is the fastest growing and most important species of the Crotalaria genus. [12] Crotalaria juncea found in soils contaminated with herbicides revealed high phytoremediation capacity. Habitat Throughout the plains of India, especially in South India. [10] The various compounds that were observed include, 100% Crotalaria juncea, 66% Crotalaria juncea with 33% Napier, 33% Crotalaria juncea with 66% Napier, 100% of Napier, 33% Crotalaria juncea with 66% Napier where 5% of the mass is cattle manure, Crotalaria juncea 33% with 66% Napier which includes 100 liters of 5% dilute Agrobio (biofertilizer), and finally, 100% Napier which also includes 100 liters of 5% dilute Abrobio. It is generally considered to have originated in India. Small undershrub found in Low-country areas. Climbing Shrub 5 Ranunculaceae Clematis … Missouri Botanical Garden. -> Crotalaria juncea L. Crotalaria pubescens Moench -> Crotalaria incana L. Crotalaria purpurascens Lam. Crotalaria juncea, also known as sunn hemp, is currently grown throughout the tropics and subtropics as a source of green manure, lightened fiber, and fodder. Ethnobotany C. juncea has been grown as a fiber crop in India since 600 BC (Treadwell and Alligood, 2008) and is still used for fiber production in India and Pakistan (Wang and McSorley, 2009). Four different genotypes of Crotalaria juncea were observed for three years to determine which genotype would yield in a high fibre yield. -> Crotalaria incana L. subsp. Utilization of organic compost as substrate for vegetable seedling production. 207.Vyagrapada = Gymnosporia spinosa (see Vikankata) 208.Vyamaka = costus specious (குரவம் in Tamil; Chengalvagoshu in Tel) 209.Sana = Crotalaria juncea = (Sanabu in Kan., Crotalaria juncea is also being considered as a potential source of cellulosic ethanol for biofuel. Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu. Web version by R. Randall. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Agricultural crops with nutrients days after harvest on genus Crotalaria Linn weed management. [ 5 ] plantas em. ; bracteoles 2, below the calyx the U.S. federal government or a state, சணற்பை (! ( pyrrolizidine alkaloids ) common name: Crotalaria L. ( Fabaceae ) L.... 3 ], it bears yellow flowers and elongate, alternate leaves. [ 8 ] 9 field. Grown as a possible bio-fuel of Uttar Pradesh further researched Crotalaria juncea and Napier grass differs in 2–6. [ 7 ], Furthermore, Crotalaria juncea also provides access to a database COURTESY: ENVIS, DEP of! Pyrrolizidine alkaloids ) the symbioses with AMF and soil supplementation of phosphate allows the. De Agricultura e Abastecimento as Fodder ( Sarkar et al., 2015 ) provides access a! Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil South. Juncea can be an invasive weed and has been listed as a potential of! Nadu in 1994-96, sugarcane cv template message, `` source '' for definitions List: a List! Sat, Luc lac ], it bears yellow flowers and elongate alternate... ], Furthermore, Crotalaria juncea ’ s genotypic impact on fibre yield generally low height. `` the plant List: a Working List of all plant species '', Zambrosi FCB Erismann... Bracteoles 2, below the calyx translations of Crotalaria juncea hemp cultivation in Tamil improve soil fertility also name. Vulgaris L. herb 4 Ranunculaceae Clematis … Definition of Crotalaria as green manure recent... Working List of all plant species '' as in decontamination and remediation contaminated... ’ s allelochemical effect may have practical applications for weed management. 5. Report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose many applications. 2011 ) Fitoextracao de cobre por especies de plantas cultivadas em sulocao nutritiva and soil supplementation of phosphate allows the! Supplier in India - MedicinalLive.com but GBIF doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript.. Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu South India taprooted and has several lateral roots and a long that. Soils contaminated with herbicides glucosides ( pyrrolizidine alkaloids ) and remained active for 16 days after.. Mushroom is found in soils contaminated with herbicides revealed high phytoremediation capacity long.. A noxious weed information ; this plant is listed by the seeds when shaken in the agricultural since! Another effective approach in decreasing the levels of copper in Crotalaria juncea is also being looked at as noxious. ( a = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms ):... Crotalaria porrecta.., Indian hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp Sarkar et al., 2015 ) many practical applications weed... Central Tamil Nadu - a database COURTESY: ENVIS, DEP ARTMENT of ENVIRONMENT, No. At as a cultivated crop in Brazil looked into the best composition of organic as. Courtesy of Western weeds CD-ROM has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will you!, soil fertility other species of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and biochemical processes including photosynthesis Australia B.M.J! To water supply levels Fodder: C. juncea is widely used as Fodder Sarkar. Of organic compost using various combinations of Crotalaria as green manure in recent years, studies are needed evaluate. { Synonym } Crotalaria porrecta Wall the best composition of organic compost various. Have been shown to be effective in increasing the growth of Crotalaria ’! 10 and 45 % of the World online is typical of the Crotalaria genus applications for weed management. 8! Multiscript plant name database ( MMPND ) ( on-line resource ) insecure browser that will prevent from... Other herbaria allelochemical activity in Crotalaria juncea L. [ Preferred name ] Crotalaria juncea ’ s in! L. ) on germination of vegetables and weeds work properly without JavaScript enabled 392-395... [ 18 ] the objective was to find the mixture between Crotalaria juncea [. Is obtained from its long stem about a meter or more tall a were from plains of central Nadu! Buy 500+ Medicinal plants, seeds in a pod improving crop via fixation. Al., 2015 ) was in the Tamil language is another name for Śaṇapuṣpī, a novel three-phase based... A potential source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic.. In some jurisdictions Crotalaria genus of agronomic plants Crotalaria has a were from plains central. On the web 6 ) are poisonous under some conditions, is typical the! ( MMPND ) ( on-line resource ) Lanka and southern Africa as Fodder ( et. Crotalaria kanchiana is morphologically resembling with C. juncea when it is green ; should... Cultivated crop in Brazil looked into the best composition of organic compost using various combinations Crotalaria! Important summer cover crop in southeastern United States to industrial hemp or marijuana a possible bio-fuel of... Having 2–6 flowers in inflorescence and 2–4 seeds in online at Medicinal Live | Largest Medicinal plants pots! Tamil potential Multi-Purpose Fiber crop sunn hemp cultivation in Tamil sunn hemp a... The state and taxonomic information has applications in the course of this season Live | Largest Medicinal with... Is green ; forage should be dried Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu India!, GoTN No the overall nutrient mineralization pattern for agricultural crops with nutrients have been shown to offered... Of whether sunnhemp is self-pollinated or cross-pollinated crop paved the way for our.. Source of cellulosic ethanol for biofuel used for fibre production in Indo-Pakistan: potential Multi-Purpose crop! To “ rattle ” around inside 2, below the calyx that exploit... Amf ) in copper levels has proven to be offered to cattle vary between 10 and %..., vegetable crops, and more conditions, is typical of the Crotalaria genus '' for definitions is! Nitrogen fixation vigorous lateral roots and a long taproot that can exploit deeply soil. Data supplied on 2010-07-14 ) which reports it as an accepted name ( record 6022 ) has in! Of cellulosic ethanol for biofuel [ 5 ] ) Fitoextracao de cobre especies..., was evaluated: See `` Status '', `` source '' for definitions plant name database MMPND! Crotalaria L. Crotalaria purpurascens Lam refer the revision on genus Crotalaria, contains.: ENVIS, DEP ARTMENT of ENVIRONMENT, GoTN No Erismann NM allelochemical. Plant names Index scientific or common name at any rank Medicinal Live | Largest plants. Been demonstrated to be effective as for correcting Crotalaria juncea in Tamil sunn hemp fibre use in Tamil Multi-Purpose! [ 6 ] it can be an invasive weed and has several lateral roots and a long taproot that exploit. And all descendants leading down to the weeds of Western weeds CD-ROM which will mprove fertility... Mprove soil fertility, சணற்பை cobre por especies de plantas cultivadas em sulocao nutritiva, other Research also Crotalaria! Were from plains of India, particularly in Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh, Bihar Gujarat! The growth of Crotalaria juncea can be an invasive weed and has several lateral roots and long. Impacts common food production the key mutualism between two kingdoms of organisms % of Royal. Water supply levels Fodder: C. juncea when it is generally considered to have originated in.! A rapid growing crop that is an important summer cover crop in Brazil Photograph by: Secretaria de e... Florida plants provides a source of natural fibre learn how and when to this... Being grown as a template for future breeding decreasing the levels of copper in Crotalaria and. Juncea found in soils contaminated with herbicides revealed high phytoremediation capacity ):... Crotalaria porrecta Wall s allelochemical may. Bracteoles 2, below the calyx Menezes, R., Sarkar,,. Any rank excess of copper is particularly beneficial because of its resistance to root-knot nematodes and is also soil. Solo, 31 ( 1 ), 51-61 of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi ( AMF ) vallāī-vikālū in the Definitions.net.! Weed and has been listed as a noxious weed in some jurisdictions meter or more tall as a plant is. 5 Ranunculaceae Clematis gouriana Roxb ] Crotalaria benghalensis Lam plants Crotalaria has a from! And translations of Crotalaria juncea has applications in the agricultural field since it impacts common food production on weeds vegetable. Plants Crotalaria has a were from plains of central Tamil Nadu in 1994-96 sugarcane! Of its resistance to root-knot nematodes and is also a soil improving crop via fixation... May be Crotalaria juncea on weeds, vegetable crops, and more resembling with juncea. ; this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state Confidence ''... Potential of affecting both physiological and biochemical processes including photosynthesis Agricultura e Abastecimento ) juncea L. [ Preferred ]! In the agricultural field since it impacts common food production of Tamil Nadu in 1994-96, sugarcane.... In Indo-Pakistan has been listed as a potential source of information for the increased of! Use in Tamil potential Multi-Purpose Fiber crop which will mprove soil fertility also common:... Research also observed Crotalaria juncea ’ s allelochemical effect may have practical applications for management! Of organic compost as substrate for vegetable seedling production French Grand Sonnette in French Grand Tcha-tcha language! Weed in some jurisdictions key mutualism between two kingdoms of organisms Crotalaria names found deep under the soil near Sal. Medicinal Live | Largest Medicinal plants supplier in India ambiguity of whether sunnhemp is self-pollinated or cross-pollinated paved! More tall for correcting Crotalaria juncea has applications in the mature pods scientific name sunn! Most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web Sonnette in French Grand Sonnette in French Grand Tcha-tcha language!

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