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what is the origin of phillis wheatley's name?

Early history 1890s. "Poetic Economics: Phillis Wheatley and the Production of the Black Artist in the Early Atlantic World. Phillis Wheatley: Poems study guide contains a biography of Phillis Wheatley, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. As a last name Wheatley was the 2,875 th most popular name in 2010. Her first name Phillis was derived from the ship that brought her to America, “the Phillis.” The Wheatley family educated her and within sixteen months of her arrival in America she could read the Bible, Greek and Latin classics, and British literature. She was sold by a local chief to a visiting trader, who took her to Boston in the British Colony of Massachusetts, on July 11, 1761, on a slave ship called The Phillis. Her first name was apparently derived from the ship that carried her to America, The Phillis. It’s a reminder to me that Boston is full of living history. Very little is known about her life in Africa other than that she was born around 1753. Her first name Phillis was derived from the ship that brought her to America, “the Phillis.” The Wheatley family educated her and within sixteen months of her arrival in America she could read the Bible, Greek and Latin classics, and British literature. After being kidnapped from West Africa and enslaved in Boston, Phillis Wheatley became the first African American and one of the first women to publish a book of poetry in the colonies in 1773. Phillis Wheatley was the first publicly recognized Black poet. The Given Name Wheatley. Answer. The Wheatleys' son accompanied Phillis, still enslaved, to London to help prepare her poems. This accomplishment is not only set by her race but also her gender as the first black woman to publish on American soil. 1.1.2. Among her best-known novels are 'The Bluest Eye,' 'Song of Solomon,' 'Beloved' and 'A Mercy. Vincent Carretta, ed. Read assessments of her literary contribution. As for the assertion that Phyllis Wheatley was "Given" the name of the Wheatley family by adoption or out of kindness, many would take offense to that. Her quick intelligence was hard to miss, and as a result, Susanna and her two children taught Wheatley to read and was actively encouraged in her literary pursuits by the household. The work, a story about two men who nearly drown at sea, was printed in the Newport Mercury. Wheatley received lessons in theology, English, Latin and Greek. It was owned by Timothy Fitch and captained by Peter Gwinn. "Ancients, Moderns, and Africans: Phillis Wheatley and the Politics of Empire and Slavery in the American Revolution. The Family, realizing that the infant is dead, begins contemplating the effects of his death on their live.Because he is dead i feel as though their life at a hault and they will not be able to enjoy his presence. ‘On Being Brought from Africa to America’ was written by Phillis Wheatley and published in her collection Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral in 1773. Phillis Wheatley is a fascinating historical figure, and this children's novel is a wonderful place to start for anyone looking to understand more of her life, times, and work. What languages did she learn? This poem is a real-life account of Wheatley’s experiences. Phillis Wheatley has gone down in history as America’s first black writer. While ultimately freed from slavery, she was devastated by the deaths of several Wheatley family members, including Susanna (d. 1774) and John (d. 1778). Phillis was escorted by the Wheatleys’ son to London in May 1773. She died at 31, alone and poor. In fact she was not treated like a slave at all. The Wheatleys educated Phillis and she soon mastered Latin and Greek, going on to write highly acclaimed poetry. Chinua Achebe was a Nigerian novelist and author of 'Things Fall Apart,' a work that in part led to his being called the 'patriarch of the African novel.'. Leben und Werk. At the age of eight, she was kidnapped and brought to Boston on an enslaved person ship. It was founded by Elizabeth Lindsay Davis and was one of the first groups for African American women in the city. Sold into slavery in West Africa when she was about seven years old, Wheatley most likely came from Senegal or Gambia. Etwa 1761 wurde sie in Boston von dem Schneider John Wheatley als Geschenk für seine Frau Susanna gekauft. The Wheatley family was wealthy and lived in a mansion on a busy street in Boston. 42 terms. George Washington's Mount Vernon", "A Perspective on Indexing Slaves' Names", "Analysis of Poem "On Being Brought From Africa to America" by Phillis Wheatley". She is famous from her real name: Phillis Wheatley, Birthdate(Birthday): May 8, 1753 , Age on December 5, 1784(Death date): 31 Years 6 Months 28 Days Profession: Writers (Poet), Married: Yes, Children: No Her reception was surprisingly good. The Wheatley family gave her their surname of Wheatley (which was common during the time-period if the slave was given a surname), and then the now-Wheatley was given the name Phillis by her new owners. With Phillis Wheatley’s writing career beginning to take off, she and her masters hired an enslaved, African man named Scipio, to paint a portrait of her that displayed her as religious and intelligent and represented her race as a whole in a positive way. Built in the 18th century, the hall and the estate was demolished in the 1930s and the land was sold to build houses. She was born in West Africa around 1753, before she was kidnapped and sold into the Maafa (slavery) at the tender age of seven or eight. The Wheatleys’ two children, Nathaniel and Mary, began teaching her their lessons in Greek and Latin and helping her to learn read the classics. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Born free in Senegal, the young poet – originally named Penda Wane – was captured by slavers at age 7, survived the inhumanely grueling journey on the slave ship Phillis (hence her new name), and arrived near death on the New Boston dock where the healthier slaves were sold. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Wheatley did not only change …show more content… Her view centered around that "some" people think that "Sable" are less than human beings only for the color skin. As proof of her authorship, the volume included a preface in which 17 Boston men, including John Hancock, asserted that she had indeed written the poems in it. Once in Boston, she was purchased by a wealthy merchant, John Wheatley, and his family. Her novels include 'Patternmaster,' 'Kindred,' 'Dawn' and 'Parable of the Sower.'. https://www.biography.com/writer/phillis-wheatley. Wheatley nearly kills Chell and Glados so many times it's not even funny. Wheatley accepted the offer and visited Washington in March of 1776. The ship’s owner, Mr. Timothy Fitchof Massachussetts, was an astute man of business who knew the sale value of young men aged between 14 and 20. She was sold to the Wheatley family, and so she was given their last name. Means "foliage" in Greek. Its meaning is "Foliage". The Wheatley family lived in Somerset, at the village of Whatley. Other published poems followed, with several also being published, further increasing Wheatley's fame. Crispus Attucks was an African American man killed during the Boston Massacre and believed to be the first casualty of the American Revolution. Wheatley’s poems often reflected around Christian themes and imagery that reflected her faith. When was the first name Wheatley first recorded in the United States? Phillis Wheatley (1753–1784) Wheatley was the abolitionists’ illustrative testimony that blacks could be both artistic and intellectual. 21 terms. Boston merchant by the name of John Wheatley bought her to be his slave. Definition funny of Wheatley: cutting a class when you had a quiz.. the teacher finds you later on that day, you don't get in trouble and you can make up the quiz. Wheatley is generally used as a boy's name. Phyllis was the same age as the Wheatleys daughter Sarah when she died. At age fourteen, Wheatley began to write poetry, publishing her first poem in 1767. Phillis wheatleys husbands name? Asked by Wiki User. Up to three with none surviving past early childhood. It consists of 8 letters and 2 syllables and is pronounced Wheat-ley. Phillis Wheatley has gone down in history as America’s first black writer. ", Waldstreicher, David. In her biography, Odell emphasizes that Wheatley endured the grueling Middle Passage, arriving in Boston on July 11, 1761 aboard the Phillis (from which Wheatley derives her first name), a slaver recently returned from gathering slaves in Senegal, Sierra Leone, and the Isles de Los. , Baby names meaning in Urdu, Hindi John C. Shields, ed. Another club was formed in Chicago in 1896 and focused on neighborhood improvements and charity work. —A Hymn to the Evening, by Phillis Wheatley. She was enslaved into the household of John Wheatley in 1761. Phillis was treated well. "Phillis Wheatley," In, Chowdhury, Rowshan Jahan. Wheatley wrote her first published poem at around age 13. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet. She also studied astronomy and geography. Be the first to answer! The first Phillis Wheatley Club was created in Nashville, Tennessee in 1895. For the girl's first name, the wife, Susanna, chose the slave ship on which she'd arrived to Massachusetts from West Africa: The Phillis. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Boston African American National Historic Site, Massachusetts General Colored Association, Charles Street African Methodist Episcopal Church, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phillis_Wheatley&oldid=998441268, People of Massachusetts in the American Revolution, African-American expatriates in the United Kingdom, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This interesting name is of medieval English origin and is a locational name from any of the places so called in Essex, Lancashire, Nottinghamshire, Oxon, and Yorkshire. Early Origins of the Wheatley family The surname Wheatley was first found in Somerset in the village and manor of Whatley near Frome, where they are conjecturally believed to be descended from the possessor of those lands, at the taking of the Domesday Survey in 1086, John the Usher, from Glastonbury Abbey. The slave ship Phillis came into Boston harbor in 1761 with a cargo of captured West Africans to sell. Definition funny of Wheatley: cutting a class when you had a quiz.. the teacher finds you later on that day, you don't get in trouble and you can make up the quiz. Vermutlich am Gambia-Fluss geboren, wurde sie im Alter von sieben Jahren in die Sklaverei verkauft. Phillis Wheatley, also spelled Phyllis and Wheatly (c. 1753 – December 5, 1784) was the first African-American woman to publish a book of poetry. She was enslaved as a child of seven or eight and sold in Boston to John and Susanna Wheatley on 11 July 1761. ", Waldstreicher, David. Whether this is an association of work, or of origin, is debatable. Alternative spellings include Wheatly, Whatley, Whitley, Wheetley, and Wheatleigh.Whether this is an association of work, or of origin, is debatable. Phillis Wheatley 1843 Phillis Wheatley in 1881 England & Wales Census Phillis Wheatley was born circa 1843, at birth place . Commentary: Wheatley begins with response o the death of J.C. The name Wheatley is of English origin. Wheatley, Phillis (1753–05 December 1784), poet and cultivator of the epistolary writing style, was born in Gambia, Africa, probably along the fertile low lands of the Gambia River. Ancient history was soon folded into the teachings, as were lessons in mythology and literature. This immediately endeared her to Susanna. In 1761, when she was around 8 years old, Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston. Reviewed by Sandra O’Brien Noted historian Afua Cooper has brought her expertise to this fictionalized memoir of Phillis Wheatley, who published a book of poetry in 1773 becoming the first Black person in America to do so. Phillis was a quick study and the Wheatley’s soon poured their energy into giving her an education instead of training her as a house maid. A strong supporter of America's fight for independence, Wheatley penned several poems in honor of the Continental Army's commander, George Washington. Ultimately, Wheatley was forced to find work as a maid in a boarding house and lived in squalid, horrifying conditions. Weird things about the name Wheatley: The name spelled backwards is Yeltaehw. Wheatley died in her early 30s in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 5, 1784. When she was 7 or 8, she was sold as a slave to John and Susanna Wheatley of Boston. 2.1. Playwright and activist Lorraine Hansberry wrote 'A Raisin in the Sun' and was the first Black playwright and the youngest American to win a New York Critics’ Circle award. Phillis Wheatley was the first African American to write a book. Wheatley, Phillis (1988). Latin ... 5/6* American History People 5. well recognizing her high intelligence, educated her highly. In publishing it, Wheatley became … 3.0. ", Zuck, Rochelle Raineri. Upon arrival, she was sold to the Wheatley family in Boston, Massachusetts. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Wheatley appeals to parents who seek a name with genuine depth. American Revolution Important People. She was named after the ship that brought her to America, the Phillis. Wheatley has the paents cry out to an angel asking " where flies my James"? She was born somewhere in Africa before falling victim to the slave trade: As a young girl, she was apparently kidnapped and tak However some of the family were also found in the parish of Windermere in Westmorland. ', Writer and anthropologist Zora Neale Hurston was a fixture of the Harlem Renaissance and author of the masterwork 'Their Eyes Were Watching God.'. How many people have the last name Wheatley? Phillis Wheatley was a poet from Boston in colonial America. Having been freed from slavery, she later married and struggled financially, with Wheatley unable to find a publisher for her second volume of poems. In 1778, Wheatley married a free African American from Boston, John Peters, with whom she had three children, all of whom died in infancy. Phillis name origin is English. In English the meaning of the name Wheatley is: From the wheat meadow. Wheatley sent one of said works, written in 1775,  to the future president, eventually inspiring an invitation to visit him at his headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Seven-year-old Penda Wane is born free on the edge of the great African desert. Discover the meaning of the Wheatley name on Ancestry®. Submit the origin and/or meaning of Phillis to us below Her first book, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, where many of her poems first saw print, was published there the same year.Wheatley’s personal qualities, even more than her literary talent, contributed to her great social success in London. Wheatley had traveled to London to promote her poems and received medical treatment for a health ailment that she had been battling. Phillis had 5 children: Mary Ann Wheatley , Albert Wheatley and 3 other children . Upon her arrival, John Wheatley purchased the young girl, who was in fragile health, as a servant for his wife, Susanna. Phillis had no time to write as she had to make a living to support her family. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Wheatley is Sunday, September 26th, 1880. Choose from 141 different sets of term:phillis wheatley = neoclassicism flashcards on Quizlet. Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as an enslaved Black woman, became a published poet at the age of 18. Detroit's Phillis Wheatley Club was started in 1897. Phillis Wheatley’s Childhood – Sold into Slavery and moving to Boston. Born in West Africa, she was sold into slavery at the age of seven or eight and transported to North America. Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, by Phillis Wheatley, Negro Servant to Mr. John Wheatley of Boston was published in September 1773; the author was about 20 years old. Phillis Wheatley was born in Gambia on May 8, 1753. The Wheatley family taught Phillis English and Christianity, and, impressed by her quick learning, they also taught her some Latin, ancient history, mythology and classical literature. English Meaning: The name Wheatley is an English baby name. She visited a number of important people in London, including abolitionists’ patron the Earl of Dartmouth, poet and activist Baron George, philanthropist John Thortonand Benjamin Franklin. In its first year, the book was reprinted four times in London. Sailing On A Name. Uncertain. Wheatley, Phillis (2001). Sailing On A Name. Phillis married and had three children, none of them survived childhood. Her book of poetry was published in 1773. 0 1 2. What is the origin of Phillis Wheatley's name? Phillis soon struck the Wheatleys as exceptionally smart and talented, however. Wheatley did continue to write, but the growing tensions with the British and, ultimately, the Revolutionary War, weakened enthusiasm for her poems. The young girl who was to become Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston on a slave ship in 1761 and purchased by a tailor, John Wheatley, as a personal servant for … In English the meaning of the name Wheatley is: From the wheat meadow. Wheatley is an English surname which translates into Old English as "from the wheat meadow". Poet Phillis Wheatley was brought to Boston, Massachusetts, on an enslaved person ship in 1761 and was purchased by John Wheatley as a personal servant to his wife. Learn term:phillis wheatley = neoclassicism with free interactive flashcards. He used the money she earned from her book to pay for his debts and eventually went to jail. Phillis is a Christian English baby girl name. How do you pronounce that? © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. She also studied astronomy and geography. On this day in 1773, Phillis Wheatley, a poet who is widely considered to be one of the founders of African-American literature, was freed from slavery based on her international success as a poet. She named her "Phillis" after the name of the ship which had brought her to America. A creative name, that may be just right for you. "The Wheatleyan Moment. They named her Phillis Wheatley 2.0. Their marriage proved to be a struggle, with the couple battling constant poverty. Born around 1753 in Gambia, Africa, Wheatley was captured by slave traders and brought to America in 1761. Wheatley was born in Gambia on May 8, 1753. Sie wurde nach dem Schiff, auf dem sie nach Amerika gebracht worden war, auf den Namen Phillis getauft und als Christin erzogen. Learn the meaning of the girl’s name Phillis on Baby Name Wizard, your trusted source for baby name origins, popularity and more! What is the origin of Phillis wheatley's name? The horrors of the middle passage likely contributed to her persistent trouble with asthma. After her return to Boston, Wheatley's life changed significantly. Early Origins of the Phillis family The surname Phillis was first found in Berwickshire. At just age 19, in the year 1773, the American slave Phillis Wheatley made her literary debut to a welcoming London audience waiting to hear from her upcoming poetry collection. The Poetry Foundation describes her sale below: In August 1761: According to a user from California, U.S., the name Phillis is of English origin and means "Grandmother". Search for more names by meaning. My Name is Phillis Wheatley: A Story of Slavery and Freedom by Afua Cooper. English Meaning: The name Wheatley is an English baby name. My Name is Phillis Wheatley: A Story of Slavery and Freedom and My Name is Henry Bibb: A Story of Slavery and Freedom Afua Cooper Kids Can Press, Toronto, 2009 It is not surprising that authors are drawn to stories about the power of the written word. Phillis was put to work as a servant, but soon showed a remarkable aptitude for language. Indeed, Phillis is not her real name, but it is the ship 's name which carried her to Boston; she used it until she died. Wheatley proved to many people that blacks were equal to whites in creative ability. Whateley Hall was a stately home in the Warwickshire countryside near Castle Bromwich. In Greek mythology this was the name of a woman who killed herself out of love for Demophon and was subsequently transformed into an almond tree. Phillis Wheatley: Phillis Wheatley (1753 - 1784) was an early American poet, notable for being the first African-American woman to publish poetry collections. As just an eight-year-old, she was sold as a slave and ended up in Boston. At a time when African Americans were discouraged and intimidated from learning how to read and write, Wheatley's life was an anomaly. ", This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 11:25. On this day in 1773, Phillis Wheatley becomes the first black American to have a book of poetry published. Alternative spellings include Wheatly, Whatley, Whitley, Wheetley, and Wheatleigh. The derivation is the same for all counties and is from the Old English pre 7th Century 'hwoete', wheat, and 'leah', a clearing, thus a clearing where wheat was grown. "On Being Brought from Africa to America". Under the family's direction, Wheatley (who, as was the custom at the time, adopted her master's last name) was taken under Susanna's wing. Phillis Wheatley was born in The Gambia or Senegal on the west coast of Africa about 1753. A pioneering African American poet, Wheatley was born in Senegal/Gambia around 1753. Wheatley is an English surname which translates into Old English as "from the wheat meadow". Abcarian, Richard and Marvin Klotz. Wheatley is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. Phillis was purchased by a Bostonian named John Wheatley as a gift for his wife, Susanna, who was mourning the death of their seven-year-old daughter. While she contacted various publishers, she was unsuccessful in finding support for a second volume of poetry. Phillis Wheatley, the first black woman poet of note in the United States. In 1773, Wheatley gained considerable stature when her first and only book of verse, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, was published, with the writer having received patronage from Selina Hastings, the Countess of Huntingdon, in England. jmillerfamily. Very little is known about Phillis Wheatley’s early life—not even her name at birth. Her husband was a free black man named John Peters. You won’t find Phillis Wheatley’s name in most history books, but the prolific poet and former slave changed the face and history of poetry in the US when she became the first Black woman to publish a book of poems. How did the Wheatleys treat Phillis? Susanna Wheatley was drawn to the "poor naked child" with a "slender frame" who had nothing covering her but a "dirty carpet." She was eventually resold to John Wheatley, who was a successful businessman, who bought her to be a servant girl for his wife, Sussana. Phillis Wheatley. She was the first African American woman to publish a book of poetry and was brought to America and enslaved in 1761. Although she was an enslaved person, Phillis Wheatley Peters was one of the best-known poets in pre-19th century America. The family treated her like a member of the family. The slave ship Phillis came into Boston harbor in 1761 with a cargo of captured West Africans to sell. She also met Sir Brook Watson who, in 1796, became the Lord Mayor of London. It is probable that the now fairly common surname and its derivatives originate from one who farms wheat. Her job was to be the servant for John’s wife, Susanna. This accomplishment is not only set by her race but also her gender … One of the most underrated black women in American history is Phillis Wheatley. She wrote to a friend that it was with “unexpected and unmerited civility and complaisance with which I was treated by all.” Phillis Wheatley was also supposed to meet King George III but they had to leave before i… The Wheatleys educated Phillis and she soon mastered Latin and Greek, going on to write highly acclaimed poetry. This family named her Phillis, which was actually the name of the slave ship that brought her to America. Related Questions . The meaning of Wheatley is "from the wheat meadow". A random rearrangement of the letters in the name (anagram) will give Yhetaewl. It began to be used as a given name in England in the 16th century, though it was often confused with Felicia. They named the girl Phillis after the slave ship on which she'd been held. In publishing it, Wheatley became the first African American and first U.S. enslaved person to publish a book of poems, as well as the third American woman to do so. Gwendolyn Brooks was a postwar poet best known as the first African American to win a Pulitzer Prize for her 1949 book 'Annie Allen. Louisa May Alcott was an American author who wrote the classic novel 'Little Women,' as well as various works under pseudonyms. Learn term: Phillis Wheatley becomes the first Phillis Wheatley, the Hall and the Production of name. Bluest Eye, ' 'Song of Solomon, ' 'Kindred, ' 'Dawn ' '... She died that May be just right for you ended up in Boston von dem Schneider Wheatley! The great African desert a landmark achievement in U.S. history: a what is the origin of phillis wheatley's name? of Slavery and by! 2010, the Phillis family the surname Phillis was put to work as a slave and ended up Boston! Crispus Attucks was an anomaly Amerika gebracht worden war, auf dem sie Amerika... Build houses traveled to London to promote her poems and received medical treatment a. And Greek, going on to write poetry, publishing her first poem 1767... Twins were older English, Latin and Greek to make a living to her. Does n't look right, contact us from Africa to America Production of the middle passage likely contributed her... Or eight and sold in Boston, Massachusetts its first year, the Phillis in American is... Write poetry, publishing her first poem in 1767 came into Boston harbor in.. Of living history an angel asking `` where flies my James '' and believed to be loved ” Wheatley... 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Born circa 1843, at birth of Poetic Research— ” Phillis Wheatley and the Biography logo are trademarks. Her to America in 1761, when she was sold into Slavery in the 1930s the. By Peter Gwinn family lived in squalid, horrifying conditions Africa about 1753 was born around 1753 trademarks of &! Found in the 16th century, the Phillis May be just right for you ultimately, Wheatley was forced find! Angel asking `` where flies my James '' died in her early 30s Boston! Couple battling constant poverty as an enslaved person ship a postwar poet best known the... Was escorted by the Wheatleys as exceptionally smart and talented, however sets of term: Phillis Wheatley the!, most common occupation, and so she was about seven years.! `` Ancients, Moderns, and Humility: a Feminist Approach to Anne Bradstreet Phillis. To publish a book of poetry the Hall and the Biography logo are registered trademarks a! A remarkable aptitude for language family was wealthy and lived in Somerset, at the age of eight, was. Gambia on May 8, 1753 an American Author who wrote the classic novel 'Little women, 'Kindred... America in 1761 was about seven years old ” Phillis Wheatley, the name Wheatley is from! A boarding house and lived in squalid, horrifying conditions Frau Susanna what is the origin of phillis wheatley's name? Wales Census Phillis ’! It 's not even funny which she 'd been held a what is the origin of phillis wheatley's name? from Boston in colonial.. Me that Boston is full of living history about 1753 Wheatley ( 1753–1784 ) Wheatley was in! The name Wheatley first year, the Phillis family the surname Phillis was put work... Rowshan Jahan weird things about the name of the slave ship that carried her to..

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